While sun worshippers rejoice, dermatologists put the forehead in wrinkles. Summer is here, it's a danger for the skin. Whether in the garden, at the quarry pond or at work. Almost 250,000 people in Germany are diagnosed with skin cancer every year, sunlight is considered the main risk, UV radiation is considered to be similarly carcinogenic as asbestos or tobacco. The Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health has been researching the effects of UV radiation on workers outdoors and what successful protective measures look like for over ten years.

2.5 million Germans work in the sun

Whether for leisure or for work, the recommendations on sun protection are essentially identical, but employees in certain sectors spend much more time outdoors than the average population. In Germany, the daily working life of 2.5 million people takes place in the open air, the Federal Institute estimates. Since the accumulated lifetime dose of UV radiation affects the risk of cancer, the protection of this target group is particularly important. Legally, the matter is clear: sun protection is occupational safety, the employer must carry out a risk assessment and take protective measures.

TOP principle also applies to sun protection

The classic, so-called TOP principle is used for protection against UV radiation:

1) Technical measures: Here it is important to avoid solar radiation, e.g. by using awnings or weather protection tents

2) Organisational measures: Even shifting working hours away from the heat of the midday sun can be an important aspect of occupational health and safety.

3) Personal measures: Protective clothing with UV protection, this is important because ordinary T-shirts, for example, offer only limited protection against UV radiation.

The Employers' Liability Insurance Association of the Construction Industry (BG BAU) promotes UV protection with occupational safety premiums: Weather protection tents, for example, functional shirts with UV protection, headgear and sunglasses - or even cooling clothing. After all, it is not only UV radiation that is a health hazard when working outdoors, but also the heat.

The air conditioning to wear: Helps against heat stroke

To prevent illnesses such as heat stroke, cooling vests, cooling headgear or arm and leg cooling are used. They can, for example, be made of special materials that are activated with water and thus achieve a cooling effect.

For all those who rely on upper body free work and sun tanning, there is bad, though not entirely new news: Experts agree that although pre-tanned skin can delay sunburn, the risk of skin cancer remains.